Foreigners and Vietnamese-origin foreign passport holders are required to have Vietnamese visa when entering or exiting Vietnam. Exceptions include persons from countries exempted from visa requirement according to agreements signed with Vietnam or unilaterally granted by Vietnam.

Visa Application:

A visa application form (available at Vietnam’s representative missions abroad); 01 photo (passport size), passport or alternative papers still valid or at least valid for 6 months since the expiration of requested visa, and visa fee (except exemptions). Those applying for Vietnamese visas need to contact Vietnamese diplomatic missions, consular offices abroad for specific instructions.



Upon entering or exiting Vietnam, everyone must complete entry – exit and customs procedures. For prompt completion of these procedures, one should specify clearly in the entry-exit and customs declaration form:

+ Video cameras, recorders and electronic devices; gold, silver, gemstones and jewellery that are not personal belongings;

+ Foreign currency in cash (paper, coins and traveler’s cheques) over US$ 7,000 or in other currencies equivalent to over 150,000,000 Vietnamese Dong in cash.

Duty-free goods:

Alcohol and alcoholic drinks: 1.5 liters of alcohol over 220; 2 liters of alcohol below 220 alcohol; alcoholic drinks and beer: 3 liters.

Cigarettes: 400 cigarettes, 100 cigars, 500g of tobacco threads

Tea and Coffee: 5 kg of tea; 3 kg of coffee.

Personal clothing and belongings: appropriate for visit purpose.

Prohibited export-import goods (if without permit): weapons, ammunition, explosives, inflammables, firecrackers of all sorts, opium and other narcotics, toxic chemicals, antiques, rare fauna and flora, documents related to national security, cultural items improper to Vietnamese traditions and customs, and toys that have negative effects on children’s education, etc.




Vietnam has a vast road system. Together with a system of national high-ways are networks of provincial and district roads reaching all corners of the country. In each province, there are bus stations for inter-and-intra provincial routes with convenient bus services. Most cities and towns have taxi and public bus. Motorbikes and bicycles are common means of transportation in Vietnam.


There are some railway routes, of which the North-South route connecting Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City is the longest with 1,726 km (stopping in Vinh, Hue, Da Nang and Nha Trang, etc). There are also other railway routes connecting Hanoi with other provinces in the North namely Lang Son, Hai Phong and Lao Cai.

There are two railway stations in Hanoi. One is Hanoi Station with the Thong Nhat Train heading for the South and International Train heading for Beijing, China. The second is Tran Quy Cap Station with trains to provinces in the North and East of Vietnam and International Train to Kunming, China.

Hue, Da Nang, Nha Trang and Ho Chi Minh City stations are key stops in the North-South route of the Thong Nhat Train.

Waterway: Vietnam has a dense system of rivers, and a long coastline convenient for the development of waterway transport. There are two main types of waterway transport: sea and river transportation. Besides, canal transportation is also very popular among people living along canals, especially in provinces in the Southern Delta.


Includes sea and river ports. While the seaport system usually includes big international ports, river ports are usually small. Vietnam’s seaport system has contributed greatly to different economic sectors, including tourism. Tourists can enter Vietnam through major sea ports such as Hai Phong, Da Nang and Ho Chi Minh City.


Vietnam has a relatively developed aviation as Vietnam is integrating into the world. Three international airports (Noi Bai, Da Nang and Tan Son Nhat) together with domestic airports have served millions of passengers and transported tens of millions of tones of goods annually.

Domestic flights: Vietnam has domestic flights connecting major cities. In addition, Aviation Service Company also provides helicopter services at customer’s request.

International flights: From Vietnam (at international airports, i.e. Noi Bai, Da Nang, Tan Son Nhat), passengers can fly to all major cities in the world. Vietnam Airlines conducts direct flights to Paris, Frankfurt, Moscow, Sydney, Beijing, Hong Kong, Tokyo, Osaka, Fukuoka, Seoul, Singapore, Bangkok, and Phnom Penh. Vientiane, etc. Almost all major airlines have representative offices in Vietnam.

For further information, please contact airlines or airline representatives.


Land International Border Gates

Vietnam-Cambodia borderline:

09 international border gates are Le Thanh (Gia Lai province), Moc Bai and Sa Mat (Tay Ninh province), Dinh Ba and Thuong Phuoc (Dong Thap Province), Tinh Bien and Vinh Xuong (An Giang province), Ha Tien (Kien Giang province), Hoa Lu (Binh Phuoc Province).

Vietnam-Laos borderline:

07 international border gates are Tay Trang (Dien Bien province), Cau Treo (Ha Tinh province), Cha Lo (Quang Binh province), Lao Bao (Quang Tri province), Na Meo (Thanh Hoa province), Po Y (Kon Tum province) and Nam Can (Nghe An province).

Vietnam-China borderline:

05 international border gates are Dong Dang and Huu Nghi (Lang Son province), Mong Cai (Quang Ninh province), Lao Cai (Lao Cai province) and Thanh Thuy (Ha Giang).



Currency: Vietnamese currency is the Vietnam Dong. Paper notes have nominal values of 500,000; 200,000, 100,000; 50,000; 20,000; 10,000; 5,000; 2,000; 1,000; 500, 200 and 100 dong. Coins are 5,000; 2,000; 1,000; 500 and 200 dong. Foreign currencies and traveler’s cheques can be exchanged at banks, hotels, international airports or at official currency exchange booths. The exchange rate between Vietnam Dong and US dollar is about 21,000 VND/USD.

Banks: Most of the banks in Vietnam are opened from 8AM to 3PM from Monday to Friday (closed on Saturdays and Sundays). Credit cards are widely accepted. ATMs are available at 5 star hotels and in big cities like Hanoi, Haiphong, Hue, Danang and Ho Chi Minh City, etc.

Postal service:

+ Telephone: include fixed phone and mobile phone services (GSM, CDMA, 3G).

+ Telephone flower delivery: Vietnamese Post Office provides telephone flower delivery service to everywhere inside Vietnam. There are two kinds of this service: congratulation and condolence telephone flower delivery.

+ Mail and parcel postal service: As a member of Universal Postal Union, most of Vietnam’s Post Offices provide all mail and parcel postal services available in other countries, including express and registered services. Foreign delivery service is also available, including FedEx, DHL, etc.

+ Finance postal service: Post Offices in Vietnam have domestic money transfer service. Besides, Vietnam Posts also have service for one-way remittances from foreign countries to Vietnam like France, Japan, Belgium, USA, Czech, Slovakia, Latvia, Singapore, China and Malaysia.

+ Newspaper distribution service: Vietnamese newspapers and magazines can be bought at any Post Offices or agents. Customers can subscribe to Vietnamese newspapers or magazines at any Post Office or directly contact newspaper offices.

Miscellaneous Information:

Local time zone: GMT + 7.

Working hours of government agencies: 7.30AM to 4.30PM (1-hour lunch break) from Monday to Friday, not working on Saturdays and Sundays.

Power supply: Power supply in Vietnam is 220V/50Hz. Standard sockets are two-pin round plug. Most of hotels have both 220V and 110V power supply.